How Oath and our partners bring you better ad experiences
All eyes are on Longhorns big man Mo Bamba, who is dealing with a sprained toe that has sidelined him for two straight games. But Smith was chosen Big 12 player of the week after each victory over KU, averaging The Sooners once stood and Trae Young was the clear national player of the year favorite.
Teams adjusted defensively and OU has gone since then. Young remains the national leader in scoring The Cyclones have won three of the last four Big 12 Tournaments but enter as the bottom seed for the first time since Freshmen Lindell Wigginton Big 12 Tournament Big 12 Tournament cheat sheet: Facts, odds and more about each team in KC. By Blair Kerkhoff bkerkhoff kcstar. Big 12 Tournament Mellinger Minutes: Plus Royals and more. KU's crown caps exciting Big 12 season.
Now these teams need to make it matter. Short-handed Wildcats give their all in Big 12 Tournament loss to Kansas. The Amateur Athletic Union 's annual U. Four colleges won the AAU tournament championship: College teams were also runners-up in , , , , and The first known tournament featuring exclusively college teams was the Summer Olympics , where basketball was a demonstration sport , and a collegiate championship tournament was held.
Chicago swept both games to win the series. In March , the National Intercollegiate Basketball Tournament was held in Indianapolis — the first stand-alone post-season tournament exclusively for college teams. The champions of six major conferences participated: The first organization to tout a regularly occurring national collegiate championship was the NAIA in , although it was quickly surpassed in prestige by the National Invitation Tournament , or NIT, which brought six teams to New York's Madison Square Garden in the spring of The location of the NCAA Tournament varied from year to year, and it soon used multiple locations each year, so more fans could see games without traveling to New York.
When the NCAA tournament expanded its field of teams from 25 to 32 in , to 48 in , to 64 in , and to 68 teams in , interest in the NCAA tournament increased again and again, as it comprised more and more teams, soon including all of the strongest ones. Expansion also improved the distribution of playing locations, which number roughly one-third the number of teams in the field.
In , the NCAA field expanded to 68 teams and the last 8 teams playing for four spots making the field into 64, which is called the first round and so on. The former first round is called the second round, the second round is called the third round, and the Sweet Sixteen is the same, but it is technically the fourth round in the current format, etc. In , the field did not expand, but the round numbers changed again.
The first four games containing the last 8 teams is now referred to as the first four. Consequently, the first round does not start until the first four games are out of the way and the field is narrowed to 64 teams.
So after the first four games the first round starts instead of that being the second round. The Second is now when there are 32 teams left, the sweet sixteen is the third round, and so on. The original rules for basketball were very different from today's modern rules of the sport, including the use of 8 players per side.
In the beginning James Naismith established 13 original rules:. The following is a list of some of the major NCAA Basketball rule changes with the year they went into effect. This age change made it to where players could not be drafted into the NBA straight out of high school. Instead, however, they usually went to a college to play only one season before entering the following NBA draft when they are eligible, hence the name One-and-Done. In —19, a total of schools are playing men's basketball in 32 Division I basketball conferences.
All of these schools also sponsor women's basketball except The Citadel and VMI , two military colleges that were all-male until the s and remain overwhelmingly male today. In the early decades of college basketball, and well into the s, many schools played as independents , with no conference membership. However, the rise of televised college sports in the s led to the formation of many new conferences and the expansion of previously existing conferences.
The last Division I school to play as an independent in basketball was NJIT , which was forced to go independent in after the collapse of its former all-sports league, the Great West Conference. There are 24 Division II basketball conferences. The conferences are as follows:. There are 3 independent Division II schools without conference affiliations for the —17 season.
In June , the conference's nine football-playing members announced a split from the six non-football schools. Eight of the nine schools that announced the split eventually joined with one WVIAC non-football member and three other institutions to form the Mountain East Conference , which began play in the —14 season.
Of the remaining schools, three joined the Great Midwest Athletic Conference and two joined the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference, with one becoming independent. The —19 season is the last for the Heartland Conference. In , eight of its nine members announced a mass exodus to the Lone Star Conference effective in The remaining member would find a home in the Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association, although it will technically be an associate member because it does not sponsor football, which is mandatory for full MIAA members.
In past decades, the NBA held to tradition and drafted players who had graduated from college. This was a mutually beneficial relationship for the NBA and colleges—the colleges held onto players who would otherwise go professional, and the NBA did not have to fund a minor league.
As the college game became commercialized, though, it became increasingly difficult for "student athletes" to be students. A growing number of poor and under-educated, but highly talented, teenage basketball players found the system exploitative—they brought in funds to schools where they learned little and played without income.
The American Basketball Association began to employ players who had not yet graduated from college. Haywood pleaded that, as his family's sole wage earner, he should be allowed to earn a living in the NBA or else his family would face destitution.
The ensuing legal battle went to the U. Thereafter, collegiate players demonstrating economic hardship were allowed early entry into the NBA draft. The hardship requirement was eliminated in The past 30 years have seen a remarkable change in the college game.
Fewer high schoolers have progressed directly to the NBA without at least one year of college basketball beginning in ; citing maturity concerns after several incidents involving young players, the labor agreement between players and owners now specifies that players must turn 19 years of age during the calendar year of the draft to be eligible. The pervasiveness of college basketball throughout the nation, the large population of graduates from "major conference" universities, and the NCAA's marketing of "March Madness" officially the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championship , have kept the college game alive and well.
Some commentators have argued that the higher turnover of players has increased the importance of good coaches. Many teams have been highly successful, for instance, by emphasizing personality in their recruiting efforts, with the goal of creating a cohesive group that, while lacking stars, plays together for all 4 years and thus develops a higher level of sophistication than less stable teams could achieve.
College basketball remains more popular than the NBA in some regions of the United States, such as in North Carolina and the Midwest where traditionally strong programs at Louisville , Kentucky , and Indiana are found. A parallel committee sets rules for college women's play.
Also, NCAA teams are allowed 10 seconds to move the ball past the halfcourt line with this rule only having been added to the women's college game in the —14 season , while NBA and WNBA rules allow only 8 seconds.
However, like the NBA and WNBA and high school basketball , during the last minute of each period, the game clock keeps time remaining in the period measured in tenths of a second, rather than full seconds. Prior to the —16 season, NCAA men's basketball used a second shot clock, while NCAA women's basketball was played with the same minute halves as the men's game.
Though the height of the basket, the foul line's distance from the backboard, and the court dimensions are the same, the distance between the three-point line and the backboard is different. The WNBA's three-point line was 6. The NCAA lane measures 12 feet 3. NCAA players are allowed five personal fouls before fouling out, as opposed to their NBA counterparts, who are allowed six. This maintains the same ratio of minutes of play per foul allowed, eight. The number of team fouls allotted is also different.
In all three competitions, team fouls can be categorized as shooting or non-shooting. A shooting foul occurs when a player gets fouled in the act of shooting while airborne , giving him the chance to shoot free throws. A common foul non-shooting foul consists of all other fouls, including making contact with the opposing player while "reaching in" to steal the ball.
A team may make a certain number of non-shooting fouls per period before the opposing team is awarded free throws. For every foul starting with the fifth, whether it's shooting or non-shooting, the opposing team receives two free throws. In addition, if an NBA team has not entered the penalty in the last two minutes of a period, its team foul count is reset; the second team foul in the last two minutes triggers the penalty.
The WNBA has the same rule, except that the "reset" does not occur until the final minute of a period. In the NCAA men's game, the penalty begins with the seventh team foul in a half. However, the fouled player must make the first free throw in order to get the second. This is called a "one-and-one" or "one and the bonus" situation. On the tenth team foul, the "double bonus" situation comes into play, meaning that every subsequent team foul results in two free throws for the opposing team.
No free throws are shot at either level for a player control foul, which is an offensive foul usually a charge. In the NCAA, once the first possession has been established from the opening tip, no further jump balls occur except to begin an overtime period.
Since , a possession arrow on the scorer's table has dictated which team should possess the ball, with the arrow switching directions after each use. Since the —16 season, NCAA men's coaches have been banned from calling timeouts from the bench while the ball is live, although players remain free to do so. In addition, the NBA limits what types of defense a team can play, primarily in an effort to prevent coaches from slowing down the pace of the game by using zone defenses.
Zone defense is permitted in the NBA and WNBA; however, players cannot stand in the lane for more than three seconds if they are not guarding anyone.
In NCAA basketball, no such restriction exists, and coaches are free to design a variety of defensive techniques. In college basketball, it is required by rule that the home team wears their white or light-colored jerseys while the visiting team wears their darker jersey color. The NBA, like most other professional sports leagues, lets the home team decide which uniform to wear, but with a few exceptions the home team has continued the tradition of the college game and wears white or in the case of the Los Angeles Lakers for non-Sunday home games, gold at home.
This is for regular season play only; home teams always wear white during the playoffs. The WNBA, however, follows the college rule for all games. The NBA introduced a new dress code rule in Now players are required to wear business casual attire whenever they are engaged in team or league business. The WNBA has a similar dress code, adjusted for standard women's attire.
NCAA rules have no set dress code rule, leaving it up to individual teams or conferences. The organizations also have different rules for jersey numbers. This is done to allow the referee to report fouls using hand signals with one hand, as each hand has only five fingers. Generally, small colleges join Division II, while colleges of all sizes that choose not to offer athletic scholarships join Division III. The NAIA also sponsors men and women's college-level basketball.
The NAIA Men's Basketball National Championship has been held annually since with the exception of , when it was established by James Naismith to crown a national champion for smaller colleges and universities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved June 9, Archived from the original on September 14, Retrieved June 6, The Chicago Alumni Magazine. A Sense of Where You Are: Bill Bradley at Princeton. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York. Retrieved March 21, Retrieved February 2, Retrieved February 8, Retrieved March 29, Archived from the original on